AUCKLAND TAP WATER

The Waikato River makes up about 20% of Auckland's drinking water supplies - and in the 2013 drought it increased to 30%. SEE POTENTIAL DANGERS WITHIN WAIKATO RIVER WATER HERE

Watercare's Mr Garry Maskill noted that in the future Watercare anticipates perhaps 50% of Auckland drinking water supplies will be sourced from the Waikato River (in 2015 it is about 20%). He stated:"From the available options, increasing water supply from the Waikato River is an essential requirement."

Watercare presently has resource consent to take 150,000 cubic metres (= 150 million litres) per day and has a consent application before the council to take another 200,000 cubic metres (an extra 200 million litres) per day of water from the Waikato River.

On Watercare's web site it does not state how much it pays Tainui or the Waikato Regional Council for this water take right. One could fairly assume it is not an inconsiderable $ sum --- and in addition Watercare charges Auckland Regional consumers an oft increasing sum for its treated water delivery. Is water becoming a major business/commercial venture --- where the consideration of $ overtakes the environment and health considerations? 

One anomaly which cries out for explanation, is that in the 2013 drought Watercare says it took 30% of Auckland Regions water needs from the Waikato River --- but it does not say how all this water was processed or treated. It seems 10% of Auckland's water needs is about 75,000 cubic metres (75 million litres) a day. So 30% would be about 225,000 cubic metres (75,000 x 3 = 225,000) or 225 million litres per day.

BUT on Watercare's web site is states the water treatment facility on the side of the Waikato River has a maximum treatment capacity of 125,000 cubic metres per day, and this is presently (in 2015) being increased to 150,0000 cubic metres. Now, all the challenges and concerns of the treatment processes and additives aside, simple arithmetic would suggest that in 2013 a daily water take of some 100,000 cubic meters (225,000 water take, less 125,000 treatment facility capacity) was unable to be treated at this Waikato treatment facility.If this is correct, what happened to this extra 100,000 cubic metres (100 million litres) per day, before to went from the heavily polluted Waikato River into Auckland consumers taps?

Watercare also prides itself on the state of art treatment facility it has on the side of the Waikato River...one could also ask what of similar treatment facilities do Hamilton and Cambridge have for their city drinking water taken from the Waikato River?

If we refer back to Watercare's stated position on its web site in 2015, about its requirement for a pristine surrounding for its Hunua and Waitakere Auckland water dams/reservoirs, some might suggest a tinge of  hypocrisy (or is it simply a 'good' business decision?) --given it says about these drinking water sources:

"AUCKLAND DAMS (PROVIDING CITY DRINKING WATER) ARE LOCATED IN THE HUNUA AND WAITAKERE RANGES....THE DAMS ARE SURROUNDED BY PROTECTED CATCHMENTS.

THIS MEANS THAT NO HUMAN ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS HOUSING, FARMING OR INDUSTRY ARE ALLOWED IN THE CATCHMENTS SUPPLYING THE DAMS.

A PROTECTED CATCHMENT ENSURES THAT BETTER (WATER) QUALITY IS COLLECTED IN THE DAMS....THE WATER (THEN) FLOWS DOWN TO WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WHERE IT IS FILTERED AND TREATED TO MEET DRINKING WATER STANDARDS."

How can the required pristine catchment area around Auckland drinking water dams storage be important and taken seriously, when Watercare does not require the same of its water sourced from the Waikato River?

To see the impact of each of housing, farming and industry on the waters in the Waikato River see HERE.

Why are the matters outlined on that page of this web site (and the associated pages linked to Dr Theo Colburn's research --- see this HERE --- about the dangers and risks of using river water like the Waikato) not a stated public concern of Watercare? It is now known science --- and yet it is being ignored when warnings in fairness  if the NZ Fair Trading Act was to be honured) would be essential, would they not? Or are we missing something?

It seems each of the pristine Auckland dams/reservoirs have their waters fed back into the Auckland treatment plants (of which there are 4 for these dams/reservoirs and the Maungakiekie/Onehunga spring), then all perhaps being mixed there with the waters from Waikato River, then is it re-piped back to the Auckland consumers/water drinkers? So, even if one lived very close to the Waitakere dam/reservoir, does such a consumer still receive their share of the very polluted Waikato River mix.  

Does Waikato River water also get to all consumers in Pukekohe, Waiuku, and Papakura, as well as to other Auckland Regional consumers? We assume so, but by reading Watercare's web site we do not know. 

Other serious concerns may arises about Auckland drinking water, when one considers the words of some experts included in movies and videos within our Cinema pages. 

These relate to some of the products Watercare may add to all of Auckland's drinking water during the treatment processes, as well as the probable use of the risky reverse osmosis system as a part of the refining treatments.

Also, it is noted by NZ Food Safety in 2005 ('NZFSA 2005 non-commercial wild food report') that the health effects from the intake of chemical hazards are difficult to quantify, as they might only arise over long periods of low exposure.

Before studying  the Watercare web site we asked ourselves questions --- each of which are raised as concerns, by those people who address the reasons in the movies/videos in our Cinema pages. Our questions are does Watercare add or use:

  • Chlorine as an S5 poison---and/or
  • Fluorine (and if so what sort and where from and what quantity?) --- and/or
  • Aluminium --- and/or
  • Copper ---and /or 
  • a type of alkaliniser --- and/or
  • anything else? 
  • and does it use Reverse Osmosis processing and refining?
  • and is the Waikato River water in all Auckland waters, or just some and if all how does it get into each treatment plant and why?

We then studied the Watercare web site (it is here:  https://www.watercare.co.nz/about-watercare/our-services/waikato-river-water-treatment/Pages/default.aspx  ), to try to determine items and types and quantities. Here is the Watercare position disclosed on their web site, in the same order as our questions above.

  • YES --- Chlorine or sodium hypochlorite is added to kill any pathogenic bacteria that might be in the water after filtration. Watercare produces its own sodium hypochlorite on site. The amount of chlorine added is nominal. Chlorine evaporates very quickly. For drinking, place the water in a container and let it stand for up to two hours (or put it in the fridge to be used as needed).
  • YES --- Fluoride is added to Auckland's treated water supplies at the request of Auckland's legacy councils (prior to Auckland Council integration). Currently, Onehunga and Huia Village are the only Auckland metropolitan areas where fluoride is not added.
  • YES --- To remove the dirt, a compound known as Aluminium Sulphate (Alum) is mixed into the water. 
  • NO or NOT SURE --- There is no mention of any added cooper, so one assumes this is not added.
  • YES --- Lime is also added to help prevent the water supply pipes from corroding. Of course Lime will also act as an artificial alkinaliser, lifting an earlier acid pH and/or softening the water.
  • NO or NOT SURE --- Nothing else is stated to be added, so we assume nothing else is.
  • NO or NOT SURE --- about the use at these stages of Reverse Osmosis processing.

Then we found that there are about another 16 Watercare drinking water treatment plants in the wider Auckland Region and these include the treatment of Waikato River waters and another 14 or 15 treatment plants which do various forms of some of the above listed treatments.

Summarised now is the Waikato River treatment, and after this the other 15 treatment plant processes.

Waikato River Water Treatment

Waikato River water is treated at the Waikato Water Treatment Plant, which is located in Tuakau, less than 40 km from the river mouth. Watercare currently has resource consent to take up to 150,000 m3 per day from the river.

In order to meet the expected increase in demand for water generated by the Auckland region’s growing population, Watercare has applied for consent to take an additional 200,000 m3 of water per day from the Waikato River.

The Waikato Water Treatment Plant is the one of the most sophisticated water treatment plants in Australasia. Located in Tuakau, some 40 km from the mouth of the Waikato River, the Waikato Treatment Plant was opened in 2002. Currently, it can treat 125,000 m3 of water per day; an upgrade is currently under way to increase capacity to 150,000 m3 per day.

The treatment plant removes microbiological, chemical and radiological contaminants via a four-stage, ultra-filtration treatment process, detailed below. The world leading membrane filter technology used here has already proved effective in other countries including France, America, Canada and Great Britain, where it is frequently used to treat raw water with considerably higher levels of pollutants, bacteria and viruses than are present in the Waikato River.

Here are the answers to the above same questions we posed, about how is Watercare water treated --- and these answers relate to the Waikato River water:

  • YES --- More chlorine is added to kill any pathogenic bacteria that might be in the Waikato River water after filtration. They add --- 'chlorine is added to the water to kill any remaining viruses and prevent bacterial growth during storage and transportation. The sophistication of the treatment process means the Waikato Water Treatment Plant uses around one-third less chlorine than Watercare’s other treatment plants'. 
  • NO --- No more fluoride is added at this treatment, as these Waikato River waters will be mixed with other Auckland water which HAS HAD fluoride already added to Auckland's treated water supplies. Currently Onehunga and Huia Village are the only Auckland metropolitan areas where fluoride is not added.
  • YES --- To remove the dirt, a compound known as Aluminium Sulphate (Alum) is mixed into the water. 
  • NO or NOT SURE --- There is no mention of any added cooper, so one assumes this is not added.
  • YES --- Lime is also added to help prevent the water supply pipes from corroding. Of course Lime will also act as an artificial alkinaliser, lifting an earlier acid pH and/or softening the water.
  • YES --- Carbon Dioxide is added and carbon filtering is an added process; we assume nothing else.
  • YES --- Reverse Osmosis processing is utilised, but Watercare do not use this name. Insetad they describe it as:  "Membrane filtration --- The clarified water is then treated by advanced, ultra-filtration membrane technology to remove pathogenic organisms. The pores of the membrane filters are so small (about 15 times smaller than the filter system in household water filters) that they prevent the spores of parasites, giardia, and cryptosporidium from passing through."

Auckland's Other Water Treatment Plants

Watercare operates twenty water treatment plants (4 for Auckland dams and Onehunga spring and 1 for Waikato and 14 here - but 2 for one area here = 20) supplying drinking water to the Auckland region. To meet the New Zealand Drinking Water Standards 2005 (revised 2008), most raw water need to be treated. The treatment process removes suspended solids, turbidity (dirt particles) and harmful microbiological organisms. The exact level of treatment required depends on the source of the water.  

Plant          Source                                                          Treatment             

Muriwai    Groundwater – spring      Cartridge filtration, pH control, chlorination, UV disinfection 

Hamiltons Road (Algies Bay/Snells Beach)   Groundwater – bore         pH control, chlorination

Wellsford    Hoteo River                            Sedimentation, sand filtration, pH control, chlorination

Warkworth     Mahurangi River                  Coagulation, clarification, PAC dosing (optional), sand filtration, pH control, chlorination

Helensville   Mangakura Stream  Dams and sandhills   Spring fed    wetland on Ohirangi Stream

         Coagulation, clarification, PAC dosing (optional), sand filtration, pH control, chlorination

Pukekohe Groundwater,   2 bores,1 spring                      Bag filtration, chlorination

Clarks Beach Groundwater – bore                                               Chlorination

Waiuku Groundwater – 3 bores                                                  Chlorination

Patumohe Groundwater – bore                                                   Chlorination

Puni Groundwater – bore                                                            Chlorination

Bombay Groundwater – spring                Cartridge filtration, pH correction, chlorination

Buckland Groundwater – bore                                                     Chlorination

Glenbrook Beach Groundwater – bore                                         Chlorination

Waiau Beach Groundwater – bore                                                Chlorination

SUMMARY

So, Auckland's drinking water is: Chlorinated, Fluoridated (except Onehunga and Huia Village), has Aluminium added, has Lime added, has Carbon Dioxide added, some is Carbon filtered, and some is treated in other ways. Also all Waikato River water has been through the processing/refining of reverse osmosis treatments.

WHAT THE WATERCARE WEB SITE DID NOT TELL US, IS WHAT IS THE TYPE AND SOURCE OF THE FLUORIDE, AND WHAT IS THE EXACT TYPE USED EACH TIME OF CHLORINE.

NOR DID IT TELL US THE CRITICAL INFORMATION ABOUT WHAT QUANTITIES OF EACH POISON ARE APPLIED TO THE DRINKING WATERS. WITH CHLORINE THEY USE A WORD LIKE 'NOMINAL' WHICH IS NEAR MEANINGLESS IN SCIENCE. 

There are the effects to humans and animals which arise from such disinfectant and sterilisation practices used to purify waste water for human consumption. Even commonly used chlorine has its price to pay on human health. All purification processes from ozonation, to reverse osmosis to distillation are banned as practices relative to EU approved spring-mineral waters which are to be bottled and so labeled as natural mineral or spring waters in EU. Why does EU have these laws. Why is added fluoride banned in Japan's drinking water supplies and seldom used in EU?

It may be the USA marketplace and their FDA practices which encourage the use of so many 'disinfection-purification' processes and added fluoride, without due heed to the negative effects of such practices on the consumer. Look at the health of the average American!

Nor did Watercare address the concerns to health posed by scientist Theo Colburn and others --- about the effects of Waikato River water on human and animal endocrine systems.

Nor did they address what minerals (if any) are left in the Auckland drinking water after all filtering and processing. There are also studies available which suggest that drinking of distilled or purified water, which has had all TDS/minerals removed, can over time be very dangerous to human health, in that such water then may leach from the human body minerals to re create that waters 'desired' mineral constitution.

Nor did they address what might be added as more poisons or heavy metals, passed to consumers in the water pipes connecting their piped delivery systems to consumers homes. 

At least Watercare do from time to time advertise this latter concern/risk, as is seen by the Watercare advertisement repeated herein.

We will phone Waterdare to ask the above additional questions; and post answers on this web site once answers are received. UPDATE: Watercare has refused to answer our colleagues additional questions.

YOU CAN SEE IN THE CINEMA PAGES ON OUR WEB SITE MOST OF THE CONCERNS ABOUT ABOVE TREATMENT PROCESSES RAISED BY WRITERS AND COMMENTATORS.

THE THREATS TO HUMAN HEALTH

What WATER Do You and Your Family Drink to Now

Water from your taps - do you know the tap water can have added many substances which can negatively affect your health –like chlorine, flouride, aluminium, copper & many others? 

Water from the Waikato River – do you know the Waikato River is in your tap water AND it has sewerage added to it from about 18 cities and towns and villages and marae- some which CANNOT be eliminate by the world’s best filters/sterilisation - see book titled ‘Our Stolen Future’ by scientist Theo Colburn HERE.

In addition there is the toxic run off from farms (including seriously damaging cadmium- see web site: ) and leaching from nearby industry (e.g. Huntly coal power station and the historical pollution from wool scourers and other industries, also leaching into this river is residue from rubbish that in the past was stored or buried near to the river).

 Water from the Waikato River is pumped to Auckland at a rate of about 150 million litres per day, making up around 20% of the wider Auckland Region’s water needs (sometimes 30%).  

Near ALL water piped to homes in Hamilton  is from the Waikato River. How does Hamilton treat it Waikato River water. If you live in Hamilton we will leave it for you to go on the journey of discovery. If you live elsewhere, does your town use Waikato River water for drinking?

Despite major clean–up attempts, the Waikato River today is one of the most polluted major rivers in New Zealand. This is a fact. This is NOT intended to point fingers at the present people within Waikato environment nor Waikato Regional Council nor Tainui. They are constrained and limited by the historical polluting effects; by the decisions of the Environment Court such as in its support of the river pollution by Kinleath pulp and paper Mill; by the river-side traditional fertiliser and grazing practices and uses by farmers; by the demands of consumers. If there is one group who in reality should have a finger pointed at it collectively --- it is the consumer demand, which forces some regulating bodies into the sort of 'no win' actions that are described herein, and which rewards the huge international corporates, as consumers pay them for their polluting goods.

Should consumers change - then the speaker in this video here says the others will follow such changes in consumer demand.

Our role, in part, is an educational one, whereby we seek consumers become by their own decisions, more informed.

We hope this web site becomes an easy pathway for those who decide to make such hard decision; to begin the journey towards self re-educated with drinking water --- and soon with all water inside and outside each of our bodies. The earth is about 70% water --- and we humans are each about 70% water. Is this part of the blueprint for the wonder of creation?

It is widely known that a number of residential areas such as Hamilton, Huntly. Te Awamutu, and others (approximately 18 in all), discharge their treated or part-treated sewerage into the Waikato River. Each city and town and village has varying levels of sewerage treatment processes, some major, some minimal and some near non-existent. Treated sewerage, even with the best treatment plants, retains some of its hormones and hormone mimics.

As well as treated sewerage there are many dumps along the Waikato River that leach heavy metals, chemicals and toxins into it. In addition, into the Waikato River flows chemical run-off from farm land, including deadly heavy metal by-products from super phosphate and other farm fertilizer products. The latter include cadmium and fluorine.

 A report in the December 2000 issue of NZ’s Investigate magazine identifies spent uranium from radioactive decay in the Waikato River, perhaps as a result of NZ’s use of imported contaminated phosphate. See story HERE

The same magazine identified in its next issue in 2001 that this alarming radioactive pollutant in the Waikato River may have come from waste ash from coal mines (or places/sites using coal to burn) dumped into this river (old Meremere or new Hutly), or may have come from an alleged river-side storage dump inclusive of radioactive material.

This cocktail of chemicals and hormones and perhaps radioactivity, which are not all eliminated by the Watercare process or by any filtration/purification process yet used by mankind. 

Some of these residuals found in river water to which treated sewerage has been added, have been shown in some scientific research to become very harmful to one’s health. UK scientific research has proven some of these contaminants cannot be removed through the most sophisticated purification treatments, such as those used today by Watercare for Auckland’s drinking water supply.

Water from your taps --- see web site ---

http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm

Medical drugs in the tap water

"Today, most city water also contains residues of many medical drugs that do not break down fast enough and are recycled in the water supply.  

This is a complete horror that has not received nearly the publicity it deserves.  Most medical drugs including many antibiotics, heart medicines, birth control pills, and hundreds of others pass right through the body unaltered.  They do not biodegrade quickly, and are literally recycled in many communities and go back into the drinking water. "                             Lawrence Wilson BSc

Chlorine - see here

Water from your taps: Do you know city/town tap water  usually has Chlorine added?

Some Chlorine is an S5 poison-see web site:   http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002772.htm)

Do you know which exact type of chlorine is added to your tap water- have you asked the authorities?

Simply by writing these words on google search -  “is chlorine harmful in drinking water” -  one can see the list of web sites writing about the risk to health of chlorine in everyday drinking water.

The possible effects on health re chlorine are available to be read on many web sites. We now present only 5 of many such web sites, with a brief quote from each. 

http://life.gaiam.com/article/does-chlorine-tap-water-raise-your-health-risks

“Thousands of American municipalities add chlorine to their drinking water to get rid of microbes. But this inexpensive and highly effective disinfectant has a dark side.

“Chlorine, added as an inexpensive and effective drinking water disinfectant, is also a known poison to the body,” says Vanessa Lausch.”  Lausch adds that researchers have now linked chlorine in drinking water to higher incidences of bladder, rectal and breast cancers.

http://chriskresser.com/is-your-daily-shower-making-you-sick

“Chlorine is a chemical typically used as a disinfectant in public water supplies as an effective way to reduce the level of pathogenic bacteria in our drinking water.

Unfortunately, this chemical, and other common chemical disinfectants, may have a damaging impact on our bodies’ beneficial bacteria as well.”

http://www.collective-evolution.com/2013/08/15/chlorine-is-toxic-what-you-need-to-know-about-chlorine-your-health/   

‘When chlorine is added to our water it reacts with other natural compounds to form Trihalomethanes which are by-products of chlorine. These by-products produce free radicals in the body, which trigger cell damage, and are highly carcinogenic. The Environmental Defense Fund states that: “Although concentrations of these carcinogens (THMs) are low, it is precisely these low levels that cancer scientists believe are responsible for the majority of human cancers in the United States.”
Here are some more quoted facts and statistics in regards to chlorine and its harmful nature:

“Chlorine is the greatest crippler and killer of modern times. It is an insidious poison”. – Dr. Joseph M. Price, MD

“Cancer risk among people drinking chlorinated water is 93% higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine.”
– U.S. Council Of Environmental Quality

“The Chlorine problem is similar to that of air pollution, chlorine is the greatest crippler and killer of modern times!” –Dr. Robert Carlson, Highly respected University of Minnesota Researcher

Breast Cancer Research (Hartford, CT) Study Findings:

50-60% higher levels of chlorination in the breast tissue of women with breast cancer than women
without breast cancer.’

http://www.mercola.com/downloads/bonus/chlorine/default.htm

More About Chlorine

The worst part is...Americans are ingesting from 300 to 600 times what the Environmental Protection Agency considers a “safe” amount of chlorine. While chlorine itself is relatively benign, and was created to help keep us free from infectious diarrheas, it reacts with organic materials which already dissolve in water, forming chemicals (known as DBP's) that are over 100 times more toxic than chlorine.

What if that clear, clean-looking liquid you use every day – to quench your thirst, to bathe and shower in, and to wash your dishes and laundry in contributed to dozens of everyday ailments, including...Heart attacks... Tiredness, dizziness or headaches...Eye, sinus and throat irritation... Your sperm count (men)... Your risk of a miscarriage (women)... Spontaneous abortion, stillbirths and congenital formations... Your odds of having a child with spina bifida ...Childhood asthma... Damaging hair cuticles and the cause or worsening of dandruff... Skin rashes, headaches, gastrointestinal difficulties and arthritis... Liver and kidney problems.... A weakened immune system, significantly impacting your body's ability to fight disease ...A toxic cocktail of indoor pollution in your home...

A weakened immune system, significantly impacting your body's ability to fight disease...

Truth is, the water we use in and around our homes is far from the fresh, pure resource you might assume.

World renowned physician and multiple New York Time's Best Selling author, Dr. Mercola, has gathered all the research about chlorine together in one place – and created one of the most important and time-sensitive reports ever released to the public.

So what are the documented side effects of chlorine? According to the U.S. Council of Environmental Quality, the cancer risk to people who drink chlorinated water is 93 percent higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine.

The residents of a small town in Pennsylvania who ate diets rich in saturated animal fats and milk had no heart attacks – until they switched from mountain spring water to fluoridated water.

Research from the University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands discovered that people who swam in chlorinated pools or polluted waters as children had 2.2 to 2.4 times the risk of developing melanoma compared to those who did not swim in chlorinated waters.

Male smokers who drank chlorinated tap water for more than 40 years had double the risk of bladder cancer as smoking males who drank non-chlorinated water.

Over the last 30 years, a growing body of research has shown the assorted disinfection by-products of chlorine (DBP's) are very harmful to human health.

However organisations like the Chlorine Institute and the Chemical Manufacturers Association have a serious and well-funded interest in maintaining the status quo. For instance, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) used to have a maximum contaminant level goal (MLCG) of zero for chloroform in drinking water due to its potential toxicity. They list it as a probable human carcinogen, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has determined that chloroform may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen.

However, the EPA was forced to remove the zero standard – effective as of May 30, 2000 – after the MCLG was successfully challenged in court by the Chlorine Chemistry Council and the Chemical Manufacturers Association. 

And that's why Dr. Mercola has decided to step forward and shout the truth about chlorine. He has invested significant time and money into finding out what everyone should know about modern water sanitization, how it can damage your health and how to protect yourself. See his words here.

http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm

Some researchers assert that a major reason for the drastic rise in heart disease in the early 20thcentury in Europe and America was the addition of chlorine to the drinking water.  Chlorination of drinking water probably also contributes to cancer and other illnesses, as chlorine is so toxic. 

This is information found on Wikipedia about the use of some form of chlorine in most tap drinking water:

“By 1918, the US Department of Treasury called for all drinking water to be disinfected with chlorine. Chlorine is presently an important chemical for water purification (such as in water treatment plants), in disinfectants, and in bleach. Chlorine is usually used (in the form of hypochlorous acid) to kill bacteria and other microbes in drinking water supplies and public swimming pools. In most private swimming pools, chlorine itself is not used, but rather sodium hypochlorite, formed from chlorine and sodium hydroxide, or solid tablets of chlorinated isocyanurates. The drawback of using chlorine in swimming pools is that the chlorine reacts with the proteins in human hair and skin. Once the chlorine reacts with the hair and skin, it becomes chemically bonded. Even most small water supplies are now routinely chlorinated.[6]

It is often impractical to store and use poisonous chlorine gas for water treatment, so alternative methods of adding chlorine are used. These include hypochlorite solutions, which gradually release chlorine into the water, and other compounds. These compounds are stable while solid and may be used in powdered, granular, or tablet form. When added in small amounts to pool water or industrial water systems, the chlorine atoms hydrolyze from the rest of the molecule forming hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which acts as a general biocide, killing germs, micro-organisms, algae, and so on.”

Chlorine gas was used with deadly effectiveness as a weapon in the First World War.  The gas would severelyburn the lungs and other body tissues when inhaled, and is no less powerful when ingested by mouth, says Vanessa Lausch on web site http://life.gaiam.com/article/does-chlorine-tap-water-raise-your-health-risks

Fluoride - see here

 Water from your taps- do you know this can have Fluoride added in it’s processed and refined-waste state and that this can also be negative to human and animal health, especially if the fluoride is sourced from waste of super phosphate refiners or waste product of aluminium smelters.

There is a ‘you tube’ video presenting Christopher Bryson about fluoride and  the multiple pollution of people by USA industries. This man wrote a book called “The Fluoride Deception” which everyone should read who drinks tap water with fluoride added from industrial wastes.  He also refers to a medical doctor whose name (Dr G. L. Waldbott) was tarnished because he did tests (and published these) which showed his clients illnesses were due to flouride added into drinking tap water.  He reports how a leading researcher (Dr Phyllis Mullenix) was fired and sent to oblivion, because she demonstrated the neurotoxicity (negative effect on brain and IQ) of the flouride added to tap water. See his video HERE

Another writer on this web site    http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm    says:

"The compound often used, hydrofluosilicic acid, is not pure fluoride but rather a smokestack waste product from fertilizer factories that is about 30% fluoride.  It contains heavy metals, kerosene, benzene, radioactive substances and other toxins.

Adding smokestack waste to drinking water is, in the author's opinion, criminally insane.  Anyone who drinks it is foolish and insane.  The facts are available to anyone who cares to learn about them

http://fluoridealert.org/articles/50-reasons/

The above web site gives 50 reasons why drinking water should not be flouridated.

Reason number 7 is that:

The level of flouride in mothers’ milk is very low. The level of fluoride in mother’s milk is remarkably low (0.004 ppm, NRC, 2006). This means that a bottle-fed baby consuming fluoridated water (which is usually added to drinking water at 0.6 – 1.2 ppm) can get up to 300 times more fluoride than a breast-fed baby. 

Reason number 41 is that:

“The chemicals used to fluoridate water are not pharmaceutical grade. Instead, they largely come from the wet scrubbing systems of the phosphate fertilizer industry. These chemicals (90% of which are sodium fluorosilicate and fluorosilicic acid), are classified hazardous wastes contaminated with various impurities. Recent testing by the National Sanitation Foundation suggest that the levels of arsenic in these silicon fluorides are relatively high (up to 1.6 ppb after dilution into public water) and of potential concern (NSF 2000 and Wang 2000). Arsenic is a known human carcinogen for which there is no safe level. This one contaminant alone could be increasing cancer rates – and unnecessarily so.”

http://www.livescience.com/37123-fluoridation.html

The above web site says fluoride is an ionic compound containing fluorine, which is the single most reactive element; it is naturally found in many rocks. (But when naturally in water from rocks it is usually at a low concentration).

About 90 percent of the fluoride added to public water supplies comes from silicofluorides, chemicals produced mainly as byproducts from the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers, according to the CDC (USA’s Centre for Disease Control and Prevention) .

Fluoride is added to public water supplies at an average concentration of about 1 part per million (1 ppm), or slightly below. Naturally occurring fluoride concentrations in surface waters depend on location but are generally low and usually do not exceed 0.3 ppm. Groundwater can contain higher levels. One study published in the fall of 2012 in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives found a link between high fluoride levels found naturally in drinking water in China and elsewhere in the world, and lower IQs in children. The paper looked at the results of 27 different studies, 26 of which found a link between high-fluoride drinking water and lower IQ. 

The most comprehensive report on fluoride was published in 2006 by the National Research Council, done at the behest of the Environmental Protection Agency. That group found that the upper limit for fluoride, at 4 ppm, was too high to prevent a certain percentage of kids from developing severe dental fluorosis and recommended the EPA lower this limit. The agency has yet to change this limit.

 

 Aluminium

 Water from your taps:  Do you know this can have ALUMINIUM added in it’s processed and refined state and that this can also be negative to human and animal health.

http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm

Cities and towns often add aluminum compounds to water to make solid matter clump and fall to the bottom of holding tanks used at most water treatment plants.  While it removes solid matter, aluminum finds it way into the drinking water.  Excessive aluminum is found in most people's tissue mineral tests.  High levels are associated with memory impairment and dementia.

 

pH neutralisers added into tap water

Water from your taps:  It is usual in many metropolitan and urban areas for the water supply authorities to reduce the hardness of the water from their reservoirs so that its aesthetic quality is improved from the raw water resource.  Reducing hardness is a matter of removing some of the calcium and magnesium ions, not all of them, just enough to make the water softer.  Since calcium and magnesium rapidly form precipitates with carbonates, adding soda ash (sodium carbonate) to water forms calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate that then settles out as a precipitate.  Soda ash is also called 'washing soda' and its use for normal laundry purposes is to reduce the calcium and magnesium effects on soap. 

 

Copper or Bromine

Water from your taps:  Do you know this can have COPPER & BROMINE added in it’s processed and refined state and that this can also be negative to human and animal health.

http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm

This web site (L Wilson BSc) reports on Copper or bromine: 

“City water companies may also add copper and other chemical compounds to reduce the growth of certain harmful algae and molds in reservoirs.  While copper is a nutrient mineral, most people have too much of it in their bodies.  Vegetarian diets are high in copper. Weak adrenal glands cause copper accumulation.  Birth control pills raise copper and copper intra-uterine devices can drastically raise one's copper level. 

Copper toxicity is extremely common and can cause depression, anxiety, mood swings, panic attacks, fatigue, headaches, skin rashes and even cancer.  Over half the mineral analyses I see reveal elevated levels of tissue copper.”

http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm

 White powders added to the water.  One must find out exactly what is added.  Most is not that pure. Avoid coral calcium powder, for example, or some other contaminated product that adds more toxic metals. They add a calcium solution or powder, often coral calcium, to alkalinize it. especially if it is made from coral calcium, may contain toxic metals.When metals are added to reverse osmosis water, the ‘hungry water’ seems to take up the metals easily and drive them deep into the body cells and the kidneys.

 

Reverse Osmosis

See what these writers say about water treated with reverse osmosis systems

http://www.lanfaxlabs.com.au/hardness.htm

Reverse Osmosis (RO) is the removal of contaminants from water by forcing the water through a semi-permeable membrane.  These devices produce very clean water, but are expensive to operate and waste about 90% of the water passing through them.  RO water is 'too pure' to drink.

See also further detailed list of negatives from drinking water treated by RO.

Here are some of them:

REVERSE OSMOSIS WATER

As summarised by Lawrence Wilson BSc on:       http://www.drlwilson.com/articles/water.htm 

Reverse osmosis or RO is by far the most common manmade method of purifying water on earth.  It involves passing water at high pressure through a plastic membrane with tiny holes in it.  Most minerals and chemicals are too large to pass through the membrane and remain behind, resulting in the formation of a largely mineral-free, chemical-free and pathogen-free water.

The design of most RO units includes a way of back flushing the membrane constantly to hopefully prevent excessive buildup of solid matter on the plastic membrane.  This is important or the membrane would be destroyed quickly.  The membrane usually lasts about a year, at which time the water quality deteriorates and the membrane must be replaced.

Gases, such as chlorine, can pass through the membrane.  For this reason, most reverse osmosis units also usually contain pre- and post-filters.  The pre-filter extends the life of the membrane by removing larger particles and certain chemicals.  The carbon post-filter further purifies the water, removing chlorine and other gases that may pass through the filter.

RO is the most commonly used methods of producing pure water on planet earth.  It is used in almost all home and commercial "drinking water" machines such as those in water stores, supermarkets and health food stores.  It is also used industrially in bottling plants for soda pop, soups, juices, beer and many other drinks.  It is also used on all ships, some aircraft, and in many other applications.  It is much cheaper than distillation.

Advantages of reverse osmosis water.  These include its low level of toxic metals, toxic chemicals and pathogens, and its low cost.

Disadvantages of reverse osmosis water. Unfortunately, RO water has many disadvantages:

1. RO water, in general, does not hydrate the body well.  This is its worst aspect.  It is unfortunate, but we see it over and over again.  The plastic membrane must damage the water in some subtle way that I do not understand.

2. A residue from the plastic membrane seems to find its way into the water, and then into the body.  This is a consistent finding in everyone who drinks RO water.  So it adds a new toxin to the body, even though the water is quite pure in other ways.

3. The water is extremely yin in Chinese medical terms.   This may be because it lacks minerals and because it is contaminated with plastic from the RO membrane.  The yin quality is harmful and best avoided.

4. There is evidence from a few clients that RO water damages the third energy center or chakra.

5. There is no simple way to test the quality of the water.  As the plastic RO membrane and pre-and post-filters age in a reverse osmosis machine, the water quality declines.  A simple total dissolved solids or TDS meter may not detect chemical contamination.

6. Carbon and other filters in RO systems can become contaminated with bacteria and viruses easily.  Manufacturers suggest replacing the carbon filters at specified intervals or after a certain number of gallons have been produced.  However, these are just averages.   Other than the taste, it is most difficult to assess the cleanliness of the carbon filters.

7. Reverse osmosis water is severely mineral deficient and has an acidic pH.  As with distilled water, it does not supply the body with needed trace minerals, and it may have a mild chelating effect.  This means that it may remove some vital minerals from the body.

The acidic pH is also a slight problem.

8. RO wastes a lot of water that must be used to backflush the system.  It also causes pollution because the plastic membranes do not biodegrade quickly. The polycarbonate plastics degrade slowly in the landfills.  Filled with toxic substances, they represent a source of long-term pollution. Extremely high-temperature incineration, which is gaining in popularity, is the best form of disposal of the membranes that I am aware of.

Summary.  Water filtered by reverse osmosis or RO is not good drinking water, in my experience. Its effects can be terrible, including even kidney failure.  I know that sounds extreme, but several cases have occurred that I know about.

It does not matter if someone has added minerals back to the RO water, boiled it, or done other things to it like praying over it or “energizing” it in any way that I have seen, so far.  These methods do not seems to undo the damage to the water that occurs due to passing it through the plastic RO membrane.  Please avoid all water made this way for best hydration.

Bypassing the RO membrane on a home water filtering system.  Many people have an RO filter on their home or just their sink.  If you wish to use this system for carbon filtration, it is fairly easy to bypass the RO part of your filtering system, in most cases.  This will allow you to keep using the carbon filtration part of the system, which is fine.

Open up the cylinder or container on your filtration system that contains the RO membrane.  Then remove the RO membrane, and close up the container tightly.

DO NOT ADD MINERALS TO REVERSE OSMOSIS WATER (OR TO ANY DRINKING WATER). The reasons for this are.

  • Very few people know which minerals they need to add.  Commercial preparations such as electrolyte solutions often do not contain optimal mineral levels for each person.
  • Adding salt or sea salt to water may detoxify the body a little, but is a dangerous practice, long term, because the high sodium content can unbalance the minerals in the body by competing with other mineral absorption.
  • Most mineral preparations are not pure enough and many, such as coral calcium, can contain some toxic minerals as well.
  • Reverse osmosis  water, in particular, is extremely “hungry” and adding minerals to it will cause them to be absorbed into the water easily, and then cause them to be absorbed into the body cells quickly and thoroughly.  This is good if the minerals are pure, but most are not pure enough, no matter what they say on the bottle.  As a result, the person is slowly but surely poisoned by the toxic minerals.
  • ASK if your drinking water has been RO treated - our spring water has NOT.

Many researchers/writers today are beginning to warn about Reverse Osmosis systems used in processing......see some in videos shown now on our Cinema page.

“ The chlorination of drinking and household water-supplies ostensibly removes the threat of water-borne diseases. In its function of water sterilizer or disinfectant, chlorine eradicates all types of bacteria, beneficial and harmful alike.

More importantly, however, it also disinfects the blood (about 80% water) and in doing so kills off or seriously weakens many of the immunity-enhancing micro-organisms resident in the body.

This eventually impairs the immune systems to such a degree that one is no longer able to eject viruses, germs and cancer cells, to which the respective host-bodies ultimately fall victim. “
— Callum Coats in ‘The Magic & Majesty of Water’ about Viktor Schauberger’s work